Romanesque architecture means, quite literally, architecture descended from Roman times. Romanesque architecture was the style of Europe in the Middle Ages, inspired by the classical civilizations of antiquity, and which would bloom into the Gothic style in 12th century France. Characteristics of Romanesque architecture feature a blending of Roman and Byzantine styles, wide massive walls, mighty towers, round arches, ornate colonnades, cross vaults and solid piers. Buildings constructed in the Romanesque style are simple and symmetrical.

  • Prague Romanesque Architecture | St. Martin Rotunda in Vysehrad St. Martin Rotunda

    Located in the mythical fortress of Vysehard, St. Martin Rotunda is the oldest rotunda in the city of Prague and the only structure from the time of Vratislav I that is still intact. The building dates back to the 11th century, the interior was altered in the 19th century by architect A. Baum. The Rotunda of St. Martin is also the oldest surviving building in Prague. The rotunda is open during services only.

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  • St. Cross Rotunda | Romanesque Architecture St. Cross Rotunda

    The second oldest rotunda in Prague from the end of the 11th century is the St. Cross rotunda located in a quiet courtyard in Old Town. The rotunda was fortunately saved from demolition in the 19th century and Architect V. Ullman and painter B. Waschsmann renovated the lovely St. Cross rotunda from 1862 to 1865, originally the structure had only one window, the reconstruction brought two more. J. Manes added the decorative circular cast iron railing. A creepy story is...

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  • Prague Romanesque Architecture | St. Longin Rotunda St. Longin Rotunda

    Located near St. Stepan Church on Stepanska Street, is the rotunda of St. Longin, the smallest of the three rotundas in Prague. The Romanesque rotunda dates back to the second half of the 12th century, when it served as the parish of the village Rybnicek (when sections of New Town were still villages). The rotunda underwent a reconstruction between 1929 and 1934.

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  • Basilica of St. George | Romanesque Architecture The Basilica of St. George

    The Basilica of St. George is the finest example of Romanesque architecture remaining in the great city of Prague. The basilica was partially damaged by fire in 1142 and the main apse and twin steeples were added after. Although the facade of the basilica was renovated in the 17th century in the Baroque style, elements of the Romanesque still exist in the interior as well, results of a meticulous restoration between 1887 and 1908. The simple, yet monumental Romanesque interior...

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