Holy Roman Emperor Charles IV (1316 – 1378)
Charles IV from the house of Luxembourg, was the eleventh king of Bohemia and Holy Roman Emperor. Charles IV was crowned King in 1347 when his father John the Blind died. Charles IV then inherited the Kingdom of Bohemia and the County of Luxembourg. Literate and fluent in five languages including Latin, Czech, German, French and Italian, Charles IV left a strong legacy and influence behind him. His reign is considered to be the Golden Age of Bohemia as he organized the empire into peacekeeping states and was also responsible for making Prague the Imperial Capital and creating Charles University, Charles Bridge, New Town with Karlovo Namesti, a vast majority of Prague Castle and St. Vitus Cathedral, Karlštejn and much more. He is considered to be the Czech Republic’s Pater Patriae, or father of the country.